Healthcare System in Cambodia

As you may know, Cambodia is a developing country and there are so many areas that we still have to concern about, one of which is how the current healthcare system work. Although our country government and many other organizations had invested in a lot of hard work into fulfilling the flaws we had in the system, the healthcare system in Cambodia hasn’t yet reached a level that we wanted to. Many medical centers were built in different places around the country and more people can now easily access the health services. The only problem is “health centers don’t treat people, people treat people.” Having many health centers is not enough unless there is someone there to serves their fellow citizen with quality health services.

For the first round of the school year 2018-2019, I attended a class called the Healthcare System in Cambodia which will continue in the second round as well. Our goal in this exploration round was to reach out to as many experts and organizations as possible in order to collect different perspectives on how Cambodia Healthcare System should be improved and those perspectives will act as the inspiration for each project we’ll be working on in the next round exploration.

On the first day of class, we did individual research on the different topic on questions we had related to healthcare system in Cambodia. I personally really interested in laboratory system in Cambodia, so that’s obviously the topic I did the research on. It had interested me more when I found that there was only one main lab that exists in Cambodia. Basically, in a lab, they worked on various projects: close observation of bacterias and viruses, the different type of infectious diseases, the Pentagon resistance to the current treatment.

The information I got from the research had brought up questions within me. After all the research I’ve done, I was still confused about laboratory role in the country and how those discoveries contribute to the healthcare system improvement.

Though for the next couple weeks, I took some break from the laboratory and started to get into people’s opinion on how the healthcare system should look like and what can we do to improve it. A lot of places we’d been to always mentioned the lack of human resources and high-quality types of equipment while some also mentioned doctor’s ethnicity, leadership, and hospital hygiene. However, I was looking forward to having someone mention something related to the laboratory system in Cambodia. But there hadn’t been anyone seems to interest in talking about that topic.

That is why I was inspired to work on a project related to lab research for the next round exploration. You might be wondering how is that connect to the healthcare system in Cambodia at the moment. I personally think that having a strong lab system will help to improve the healthcare system in a country. Labs and health centers work as one. Labs could do research on the effectiveness of any new treatment that is out so that we don’t have to wait for the result of the other country’s research; labs could do a research on the resistance of pathogens toward the current treatment we have and try to work out what could hospital do when they meet the patient with that certain disease or condition; lab could do a research on many more projects that could really bring a really valuable information for treatment in Cambodia hospitals. I strongly believe that labs do play an important role in improving healthcare system in our country that is why I will be working on a get-to-know-lab project and hoping that more Cambodia college students would find research field interesting and consider working in a lab as their career, more labs will be open in Cambodia, and more fund will go into the research field as well.

Dengue Fever Risks Analysis

Welcome to the Mosquito-borne Diseases exploration! This is one of the last round explorations of this school year 2017-2018 at Liger. We are a group of 12 students and a facilitator who is trying to study deeply about a very common mosquito-borne disease in Cambodia, Dengue Fever, that every Cambodian had heard of. Throughout the research, we had found that the number of Dengue Fever cases are doubled this year compared to the previous year. This information had encouraged us to pick this particular disease to focus on most. Currently in class, our teams are working on a project called ‘Risk Analysis’ where we have to survey villagers, analyze the data, and finally writing a report for the study ourselves.

The goal of this project is to estimate which village of the two are most likely to have a Dengue Fever outbreak in this upcoming raining season.

Mosquito larvae inside villager’s water storage.

We start off by creating a team to work on the questionnaire. The questionnaire will only include the relevant questions and are not expected to be a long list of the question due to the time limit; we don’t have much time to interview as well as to analyze responses of each question. There was also another team that is working on figuring out routes that each team or pairs will be taking in order to avoid interviewing the same households.

On May 18th and 19th, 2018, our team went out of campus to do surveys of our neighborhood villages: Champus Kaek, Koh Krobey, one household followed by the other. We spend approximately 20 minutes to interview each household. The six pairs complete about 60 household in that morning in Champus Kaek village and are ready to keep on the work to interview the next village tomorrow, expecting to have a sample survey of 52 at least. After the two days, we end up interview 116 household in total which was really impressive.

Interviewing one of the households.

My favorite part of the whole process is to be able to connect and feel the kindness and a warm welcoming from each person we’ve been walking through to interview them. They were really friendly in term of like respecting and letting some 15-year-old asking them questions. Getting the accurate answer from them is really important, so we have to make sure they are comfortable with telling us the information we need. I was glad to get to talk to and connect with all the villagers once again.

In the second village, Koh Krobey, we seem to run into an issue. Each route the group had divided doesn’t seem to share the same amount of household, so some group seems to struggle with completing the amount of survey they needed to get done with. I was also one of the groups who’s struggling. As I walk through the route, I try my best to ignore those dogs that were barking hard at us. After a few minutes, we make a decision to just meet up as a team and continue to interview the route with a lot of people which is another team route.

Observing one of the village’s water storage.

There were many flaws in making this report. There are a lot of different interviewers. So there’s a chance that we can interpret the question in a different way and receive a slightly inaccurate answer.

While analyzing the data, I was on a roll with the other three mates to work on analyzing the association between people’s behavior and their risk of getting dengue fever. Surprisingly, there isn’t any evidence of an association between them. This means that the risk of getting dengue fever is not influenced by their behavior.

One of the water storage type that many villagers had used.

Throughout this whole exploration, I had worked my hardest at all time! I asked a lot of questions and always pay all of my attention toward the lesson our facilitator had given us. Those questions had influenced my understanding of this topic very well. I had worked my best to connect all of the experiences from the last exploration like Surveying in Cambodia into writing the report. Lastly, I hope I had played my role well and had contributed every knowledge I have had toward making this project happen.

Camkids Surveying Exploration

On Sunday 4th of March 2018, a group of 17 students from the Liger Leadership Academy went on a trip to Kompong Speu (KPS) in the sight of interviewing people from the three villages: Chbar Chross, Trapaing Mian, and Ta Gnov. The purpose of this survey was to determine the effects that Camkids has had toward people from the three villages as well as discovering the current issues that those villagers face so that Camkids can provide services that help to solve those issues. This survey report was requested by Dominic Sharpe, country director of The Liger Leadership Academy and founder of CamKids.

The questionnaire was created by the Surveying Exploration, a group of seven students and a facilitator. I am really glad to be a part of the team because this project will help a lot with improving villagers’ lives. The question was divided into 4 main sections such as Incomes and Expenses which break down into Loan and Savings, Education, Health, and Nutrition. We spend the whole Sunday there at KPS and we determined to interview at least 80 families. Each survey took about 30 to 40 minutes. We interview individually so that we can get through as many families as possible. This includes asking questons and noting down responses as clearly as we can manage. At the end of the day, we get 103 interviews done. I really appreciate the work I’d done at KPS a lot because I had overcome the fear I had of walking toward someone and start a conversation.

Interviewing one of the villagers.

It was a really hard task due to the time limits, but our group manages to get it done really well. Currently, we’re in the process of writing the report and analyzing the data. My role in the team was to start writing the report. It was a really hard task for me personally because the report is required to be as professional as possible. By writing this report, I had improved a lot with my writing skill especially on how to make my writing professionally. The final step is to present it to Dom and the other founder of Camkids and of course, upload it onto the school’s website.

Group picture at Camkids.

If there a project related to surveying and creating a questionnaire, I think the experience I received from this exploration can be applied to that project perfectly. There were many experiences I got from this project such as creating a good questionnaire, interviewing and surveying people, and writing a professional report. Because we’re still students who learn to do this type of project and aren’t professional surveyors, there were many flaws in this survey report still.

VEX Robotics Competition in Bangkok 2018

On Friday, February 2nd, 2018, my Exploration group went to Thailand in order to attend the VEX Robotics Competition in Bangkok 2018. VEX Robotics Competition is a competition that requires the student to work as a team, using their engineering skill to design and build a robot to play against another team. It is a game of alliances which mean we will require to cooperate with the other team(s). It came with a lot of rules that we must follow in order to avoid from disqualification. We’re a team of five girls named “Beta-B“.

On Saturday, we went to NIST International School to join the VEX Robotics Competition. We went through many challenges throughout the whole competition. Before the competition, we spend a lot of our time getting familiar with the real field to fulfill the practices that we’re missing because our school doesn’t have the field.

Hanging out before the competition.

We discovered that our cortex (robot’s brain) isn’t working very well. The Bluetooth is always disconnected with the controller. So we decided to risk changing it with the extra cortex at NIST, although we didn’t know for sure if it working well. Before getting to make everything work, we’re running out of time because we must go to lunch altogether. What worse is we are one of the teams who will compete in the first round and we really don’t want to miss it in order to keep our score as best as we can.

Checking and fixing the robot to make sure everything is working well.

After lunch, we rushed back into the working room, and we weren’t allowed to get in until 12:45 pm. We were freaking out, and feeling hopeless because the competition will starts at 12:50 pm. But because of the good teamwork, we get to make everything done on time and we get to attend every round in the competition.

This is our group picture!

Finally, we end up at the 11th place. I was really surprised that a lot of teams want us to be their 3rd alliance. But we choose to team up with the top two team; the 1st place “Shadow Corruption” and the 2nd place “VEXecutioners” where they really want us to be their alliance as well. This is where my favorite part of the competition begins. We collaborate so well that we win every game smoothly and we’re getting into the final and compete with “Team A++” and their alliances.

Receiving the Tournament Championship with our alliances!

This is the video of the whole competition. You can watch us compete in the final (the 2nd round) by move the video forward to this minute, 4:54:15. As you watch the video, you will soon discover something wrong right after we finished the game.

Although we met some issues during the final game, we still get through it well and end up winning the competition and receive the Tournament Champion award!

Our robot with the champion. – pictured by Rika Chan

I had learned a lot from this experience. It isn’t just learning how to design and create a robot, but also how to collaborate with other people as well. I understand that to build a good robot, it doesn’t need to have every function but what important is that it has a function that works super well just like the one we built. If there’s a VEX Robotics Competition next time, I would really LIKE to join it again!

The White Building Exploration

In August of 2017, we started a new exploration round, which is the White Building Exploration. In order to have a better understanding of the White Building being knocked down, we started the class by skim through the pass eviction that had happened in Phnom Penh. And then we started to get directly into our topic, the White Building. After interviewing different people, I realized that it is really hard to choose between preserve these art communities and develop the urban growth. At the end of this exploration, we will be creating a documentary, podcast, as well as the other mini-final product as well. I really hope these powerful products will be widely spread to the Cambodian new generation, so that they can learn about this historical, amazing architect building, although it had vanished. After learning about all the horrible eviction, I really hope we would try our best provent Phnom Penh from having more of these violence eviction over and over again.

Hydropower Generator

A picture at hydro-power dam in Kampot.

Hello! We are from hydropower generator exploration. Hydropower is the system of producing electricity by water flow. In class, we are working on research different topics about hydropower. So, in order to understand clearer we have some trips to go to other places to see hydropower and meet expert asking question. Our goals are to change Cambodia by distributing hydropower for Cambodia people to use because hydropower is the renewable energy. Also Cambodian don’t need to spend a lot of budget on electricity which is import from other neighbor countries like Thailand, Vietnam, and Lao.

Animals Cambodia

Name: Animals in Cambodia

Date: Nov 24, 15-Jan 4, 15

Number of People: 13

Description: As you all know we have been working on Animals field guide last time. But we didn’t complete work yet, so we have a chance to continue our work with another round of exploration. On our second exploration round, we focus mostly on turn our note into description and start edit your working by our self, teachers, mentors and experts. We really excited about it. When I finished my work teacher ask me to paint a map showing people about forest in Cambodia. And I did! At the end of our exploration which mean our teacher (Jojo) will leave Liger, we went to play Laser Tag in Kid City with our group for our hard work. And we have fun together!


Exploration Name: Entrepreneurship

Exploration Dates: August 7th to October 3rd

Number of Students: 13

Location of Trips Taken: ARC Hub PNH office two times a week; ISPP, iCAN, Development Innovations once each to talk to possible customers.

Essential Questions: How to make a business?


  • Find the problem

First we need to find some problem and have some research because when you make the product your product need to fit their problem and when we know the problem we have the idea to make something.

  • Idea

When we know the problem we need to have the idea that can help the people that need help. our idea was to be very helpful because it is not just our company that make it it have another people make too.

  • Find the customer

After we know what we are going to make we need to find the customer that we think will buy our product and we need to find at least three customers. we need to think about how old our customer are.

  • Make a change

When we email to them and their problem not fit to our product we can make some changes to relate to their problem by knowing what problem is the most when we email to them.

  • Find the place to sell

If we know our customer, our price and our product is good we need to find the place to sell and that place needed to be our customer that they have the problem and our product it help them.

In our group we had 3 product that we had made one was water bottle lid, egg holder, and pencil case we were so happy because we can made the product to sell to other in Cambodia.

This is our group picture!

Tropical Forest Ecology

Name: Tropical Forest Ecology

Date: May 5 2014 – June 17 2014

Number of People: 12

Essential Questions:

1. How are organisms and the nonliving environment interconnected in the world around us?

2. What is the value of tropical forest ecosystems for Cambodia?

3. How do humans impact tropical forest ecosystems in Cambodia? Is it possible to use tropical forests sustainably?

Description: In Tropical Forest Ecology we learned about Ecosystems. Ecosystems are a community of organisms that are interconnected and connected with non-living things. We went on two trips because we wanted to experience and see forest directly.We went to Preah Vihear and Koh Kong provinces. When we came back we compared the dry deciduous dipterocarp forest ecosystem (Preah Vihear province) with the evergreen forest ecosystem (Koh Kong province). In Preah Vihear we went to Tmatboey community and in Koh Kong we went to Chi Phat community. We learned about conservation. Conservation means taking care or protecting something. While we learned about conservation, we also learned about sustainable and unsustainable. Sustainable is the action that does not destroy the ecosystem. Unsustainable is the action that destroys the ecosystem. We learned about ecotourism. Ecotourism is tourism that uses and benefits the ecosystem. That is one way that we use ecosystems sustainably.Also we learned about ecological services. Ecological services are the benefits that people get from ecosystems. There are three ecological services such as provisioning services, regulating services and cultural services. Provisioning services are how the ecosystem provides us directly. Ex: Trees give us resin. Regulating services are how the ecosystem regulates the climate. Ex: Trees stop the floods by absorbing the water. Cultural services are how the ecosystems give us something culturally. Ex: Bambuti people use forest plants to smoke for their ceremonies.  We answered our essential questions by using the knowledge that we got from our trips.

  • This is the map of our traveling journey. -by SamnangN

Architecture Exploration

Exploration Name: Khmer Architecture

Exploration Date: November 20-January 17

Number of students: 12

Essential Questions/areas:

1. What is the meaning of architecture?

2. What information should I know about architecture?

3. What does Khmer architecture look like?

4. What are the differences between ancient and modern architecture?

5. How do we create architecture?

Description: Architecture is the process of planning, designing and constructing. When we work on architecture with these three things we have to think about durability, utility and beauty. So in our Exploration we learned about architecture in Cambodia. For example: in Cambodia there are many houses, buildings and also the temples. The Khmer architecture was different than the other countries because like the Angkor Wat is made from the big rocks and the foundation that they built is layers of rocks and sand. But in the other countries, like in the U.S.A, there are not really the buildings that have the foundation like that. Before, the buildings in Cambodia were not that big. The houses were also not that big and were not made from cement like right now. Now when they make the houses, they put many colors and many styles that they want. But at the past, the Khmer buildings were not too big and did not have many styles like now. Just the temples had many styles that Khmer ancestors made by hand with the big rocks. On the big rocks they made the big sculptures that showed about Khmer history. To do the architecture we have to follow the theory of architecture and do it step by step. In this group we went on the trip to Siem Reap to learn how did the Khmer ancestors build the temples. Other than that we also went to some places in Phnom Penh. We went to Central Market, Olympic Stadium and PPIT. That is the school that teaches about the architecture.

  • This is one of the market that were built a long time ago, and it still look strong.